EMDR Therapy in Salt Lake City, Utah
Eye Movement Desensitization Reprocessing
What It Is
EMDR was developed in the 1987 by Francine Shapiro. She was walking in the park, thinking about something distressing and noticed that as she moved her eyes back and forth, her overall distress decreased. She researched this phenomenon further and eventually created EMDR. EMDR stands for Eye-Movement Desensitization Reprocessing and operates on the premise that by using eye movements we can allow our brain to desensitize negative emotions and reprocess them so that they no longer bother us.
How It Works
Our body processes and consolidates memory in one of the four stages of sleep called REM (Rapid Eye Movement) sleep. This stage is when most of our dreaming occurs and during this stage of sleep our eyes move back and forth rapidly. The current hypothesis on dreams is that they are metaphors to work through difficult events, emotions, and beliefs and rapid eye movement helps process them through bilateral stimulation, activating both sides of the brain in an alternating pattern. When the brain works as it should, events in our life are processed without causing problems, but sometimes the brain gets stuck and can't process what it needs to. This is where EMDR steps in. EMDR therapy takes the body's subconscious and natural process and makes it a conscious process.
EMDR works in two basic stages. The goal of the first stage is to reduce the intensity of negative emotions. In EMDR a distressing memory or belief is chosen and focused on while simultaneously moving the eyes back and forth, mimicking our natural subconscious process. As EMDR continues, the event or belief gradually becomes less distressing overtime until it is no longer distressing at all. The second stage focuses on choosing and installing a positive belief about oneself until it is completely believed. Once the positive belief is installed, EMDR is considered complete for the target event or belief.
For example, let's say Jared wants to do EMDR due to feeling anxious in social situations. Jared may not consciously recognize it, but he has a subconscious belief that is influencing his anxiety. With a therapist's help he comes to recognize that he feels anxious in social situations because he fears that he isn't good enough and is worried about others realizing thinking that about him. EMDR would target his subconscious belief of "I'm not good enough" until the thought of not being good enough wasn't distressing anymore. Then he would choose a positive belief that he would rather believe such as "I am good enough" and would continue EMDR until he fully believed it.
EMDR's Effectiveness in Therapy
EMDR therapy sounds like an alternative therapy or even that it's too simple to work but it consistently shows impressive results across empirical studies. It is one of the top five research-based trauma treatments in the world and studies have consistently shown rapid and permanent improvements in clients with trauma and other psychological diagnosis. On average, clients take between 2-4 sessions to work through any given issue with traumatic incidents taking slightly longer, between 4-6 sessions. Some clients experience significant relief in as little as 1-2 sessions.
Not only does EMDR work quickly but it also works more effectively than traditional therapy techniques. Many therapy techniques focus on how to deal with difficult emotions and handle them in more healthy way. Overtime, these therapy techniques become very effective at managing difficult emotions but they never get rid of them. In this way traditional therapy is like treating a cut that never fully heals. Our instinctive emotional reactions never go away, but we do get better at managing the inconvenience they cause us. EMDR is different because it can completely eliminate our negative emotional responses to situations or events. The cut is gone.
Due to how EMDR works, what takes months or years of therapy can be accomplished in significantly fewer sessions with more comprehensive and permeating results. Instead of a therapist giving their best guess at how to help you heal, EMDR helps the brain reconceptualize and reformat negative experiences, allowing it to lead the healing process in a safe and therapeutic environment. EMDR has effectively treated all kinds of psychological issues including trauma, PTSD, various forms of anxiety, depression, self-esteem and insecurities, phobias and fears, substance abuse, sensory sensitivities, etc.